For how long does it require to get to Jupiter?
An artist's illustration reveals NASA's Juno spacecraft a little off-center to the left flying above Jupiter. A close-up of Jupiter's Great Red Spot fills the background of the image.

The time it requires to get to Jupiter depends upon a range of elements, consisting of planetary position and readily available innovation.
(Image credit: MARK GARLICK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY through Getty Images)

If you wished to take a trip to Jupiter, for how long would it take? The response depends upon a variety of aspects varying from the positions of Earth and Jupiter to the innovation that would move you there.

Here we have a look at for how long a journey to Jupiter would take utilizing offered innovation and check out the travel times of previous objectives to the Jovian community.

Presently, the spacecraft that took the fastest quantity of time to reach Jupiter was NASA’s New Horizonszipping over to the gas giant in 405 days, or 1 year, 1 month and 9 days for a 2007 flyby.

Related: Jupiter objectives: Past, present and future

How far is Jupiter?

To figure out the length of time it would require to reach Jupiter, we should initially understand the range in between Earth and the gas giant.

Jupiter is the 5th world from the sun however the range in between Earth and Jupiter is continuously altering as they orbit the sun in elliptical, or oval-shaped courses.

When the 2 worlds are at their closest indicate one another, the range to Jupiter is 365 million miles (588 million kilometers). The typical range in between Earth and Jupiter is 444 million miles (714 million km), according to the science interaction website The Nine PlanetsAt the farthest point in its orbit, the gas giant lies 601 million miles (968 million km) away.

For how long would it require to take a trip to Jupiter at the speed of light?

Light journeys at roughly 186,282 miles per 2nd (299,792 km per second). A light shining from Jupiter would take the following quantity of time to reach Earth (or vice versa):

  • Closest method: 33 minutes
  • Farthest method: 54 minutes
  • Typical range: 40 minutes

Fastest spacecraft up until now

An artist's representation of Parker Solar Probe studying the sun.
NASA’ Parker Solar Probe is presently studying the sun. (Image credit: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory)

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The fastest spacecraft is NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, which keeps breaking its own speed records as it moves closer to the sunOn Nov 21, 2021, the Parker Solar Probe reached a leading speed of 101 miles (163 kilometers) per second throughout its 10th close flyby of our star, which equates to an eye-watering 364,621 miles per hour (586,000 kph). According to a NASA declaration (opens in brand-new tab)when the Parker Solar Probe comes within 4 million miles (6.2 million kilometers) of the solar surface area in December 2024, the spacecraft’s speed will top 430,000 miles per hour (692,000 km/h)!

If you were in theory able to drawback a trip on the Parker Solar Probe and take it on a detour from its sun-focused objective to take a trip in a straight line out to Jupiter, taking a trip at the speeds the probe reaches throughout its 10th flyby (101 miles per second), the time it would take you to get to Jupiter would be:

  • Closest method: 42 days
  • Farthest method: 69 days
  • Typical range: 51 days

The issues with computing travel times to Jupiter

Naturally, the issue with the previous estimations is that they determine the range in between the 2 worlds as a straight line. If you were to take a trip in between Earth and Jupiter when they are at their farthest range apart, the journey would include a course straight through the sun; for that reason any spacecraft would need to relocate orbit around the planetary system’s star.

This isn’t an issue for a journey made throughout the 2 worlds’ closest method, when they are both on the exact same side of the sun, the journey is not without issues. The formerly computed travel times likewise presume that the 2 worlds stay at a consistent range; that is, when a probe is introduced from Earth while the 2 worlds are at their closest method, Jupiter would stay the very same range away over the amount of time it takes the probe to reach the gas giant.

In truth, nevertheless, the worlds are moving at various rates throughout their orbits around the sun. Engineers should determine the perfect orbits for sending out a spacecraft from Earth to Jupiter. Like tossing a dart at a moving target from a moving car, they should determine where the world will be when the spacecraft gets here, not where it is when it leaves Earth.

It’s likewise not possible to take a trip as quick as you can potentially go if your objective is to ultimately orbit your target world. Spacecraft requirement to get here gradually enough to be able to carry out orbit insertion maneuvers and not simply zip straight past their locations.

Engineers’ estimations consider not just the range required to take a trip however likewise the fuel performance of each specific spacecraft. Long-distance journeys utilize gravity help maneuvers to slingshot a spacecraft past planetary bodies and “take” a few of a world’s or other body’s momentum to offer the spacecraft an useful push towards their desired location. NASA’s Jupiter explorer Juno carried out an Earth flyby 2 years after its launch in order to improve the spacecraft’s speed so that it might reach the gas giant, according to NASAESA’s Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) objective will get 3 gravity helps from Earth and one from Venus prior to it reaches the Jovian area.

The length of time do objectives require to get to Jupiter?

Artist's illustration with Juno on the left and a close up of Jupiter on the.
Objectives that intend to orbit their location need to show up more gradually than those simply zipping straight past. (Image credit: vjanez through Getty Images)

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Here is a list of the length of time it took previous objectives to reach Jupiter in addition to the approximated travel time for upcoming objectives. Keep in mind just how much longer the travel time is for objectives that orbited Jupiter (e.g. Galileo and Juno) compared to those introduced with the objective of cruising straight past.

  • Leader 10: 642 days, or 1 year 9 months and 2 days
  • Leader 11: 606 days, or 1 year 7 months and 27 days
  • Voyager 1: 546 days, or 1 year and 6 months
  • Voyager 2: 688 days, or 1 year, 10 months and 19 days
  • Galileo: 2,241 days, or 6 years, 1 month and 19 days
  • Ulysses: 490 days, or 1 year, 4 months and 2 days
  • Cassini-Huygens: 1,172 days, or 3 years, 2 months and 15 days
  • New Horizons: 405 days or 1 year, 1 month and 9 days
  • Juno: 1,796 days or 4 years and 11 months

Upcoming objectives approximated travel time:

  • JUICE: 8 years
  • Europa Clipper: 5 years and 6 months

Extra resources

Find out more about the objectives that have actually ventured to Jupiter with these resources from NASA (opens in brand-new tab)Check out NASA’s Juno objective in more information here on their main objective page (opens in brand-new tab)What if we in fact made it to Jupiter? Take a look at this short article from Business Insider (opens in brand-new tab) that discusses what would take place if people attempts to arrive on the gas giant.


Juno Earth flyby. NASA. Recovered April 12, 2023, from (opens in brand-new tab)

Hatfield, M. (2021, November 10). Area dust provides chances, difficulties as Parker solar probe speeds back towards the sun. NASA. Recovered April 12, 2023, from (opens in brand-new tab)

How far is Jupiter from Earth?: Distance, km, for how long & & truths. The Nine Planets. (n.d.). Recovered April 12, 2023, from (opens in brand-new tab)

Juice’s journey to Jupiter. ESA. (n.d.). Obtained April 12, 2023, from (opens in brand-new tab)

Jupiter’s stats. Jupiter Statistics: Size, Orbit, Moons, Rings, Temperature, Mythology – Windows to deep space. (n.d.). Recovered April 12, 2023, from (opens in brand-new tab)

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Daisy Dobrijevic signed up with in February 2022 having actually formerly worked for our sibling publication All About Space publication as a personnel author. Prior to joining us, Daisy finished an editorial internship with the BBC Sky during the night Magazine and operated at the National Space Centre in Leicester, U.K., where she took pleasure in interacting area science to the general public. In 2021, Daisy finished a PhD in plant physiology and likewise holds a Master’s in Environmental Science, she is presently based in Nottingham, U.K.

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